Dzivnieku sex

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Sex is one of the two divisions of animals, male and female. Sekss ir vienano divām nodaļām dzīvnieku, vīriešu un sieviešu. The distinction of sex is. Dzīvnieku tiesības . "sex, race, skin color, age, sexual orientation, species–it is ethically wrong to use such arbitrary criteria to deny the rights. Pārtikas nekaitīgums / Dzīvnieku veselība / Tirdzniecība un imports the animal species concerned;; the age and sex of the animals;; the intended.

it shall be permitted to administer medicinal products having a androgenous action to aquaculture animals in order to perform sex inversion during the first. Pārtikas nekaitīgums / Dzīvnieku veselība / Tirdzniecība un imports the animal species concerned;; the age and sex of the animals;; the intended. Buggery Synonymous with sodomy and referring to 'unnatural' sex acts, vainu starp divām personām tā paša dzimuma vai starp personu un dzīvnieku.

Pārtikas nekaitīgums / Dzīvnieku veselība / Tirdzniecība un imports the animal species concerned;; the age and sex of the animals;; the intended. Sex is one of the two divisions of animals, male and female. Sekss ir vienano divām nodaļām dzīvnieku, vīriešu un sieviešu. The distinction of sex is. EN sex determination; sex inheritance Vairumam dzīvnieku kombinācija XX nosaka sievišķā, bet XY — vīrišķā indivīda attīstību; putniem, tauriņiem.






Cabinet Regulation No. These Regulations prescribe the restrictions in the use of medicinal products on animals and the requirements for the circulation of animals and products dzivnieku animal origin, if animals have been administered medicinal products, for the use of which restrictions have been specified.

The manufacturers of medicinal products, wholesalers and pharmacies, which have received a special permit licence in accordance with the procedures specified in the regulatory enactments regulating the circulation of medicinal products, for pharmaceutical or veterinary pharmaceutical activities, or practising veterinarians are entitled to distribute the medicinal products referred to in these Regulations for the treatment of animals.

The implementation of the requirements of these Regulations and the justification for the use of the medicinal products referred to in these Regulations shall be supervised and controlled by the Food and Veterinary Service hereinafter - Service. It shall be permitted to use medicinal products for therapeutic or zootechnical purposes, if:. The use of medicinal products for therapeutic and zootechnical dzivnieku shall not be authorised on animals from which food products of animal origin are acquired hereinafter - food-producing animals or animals of little reproductive value, which are being fattened, except medicinal products containing beta-agonists in the form of an sex, in order to induce tocolysis for cows when calving.

It shall be permitted to administer such medicinal products to farm animals for therapeutic purposes, which contain:. The referred to medicinal products shall be administered to a farm animal by a practising veterinarian in the form of an injection or a vaginal coil for the treatment of ovarian dysfunction. It is prohibited to administer the medicinal products in the form of implants. The medicinal products shall be administered by a practising veterinarian or the animal owner keeper under sex supervision of a practising veterinarian; and.

The medicinal products shall be administered by a practising veterinarian. The medicinal products shall be administered by a practising veterinarian or another person under the supervision of a practising veterinarian. In the cases referred to in Paragraph 9 of these Regulations a practising veterinarian is entitled to issue a veterinary prescription for one-time receipt of medicinal products. The use and quantity of the medicinal product shall be specified in the prescription.

The activities referred to in Paragraphs 8, 9 and 10 of these Regulations shall be registered by a practising veterinarian, indicating at least the following:. The information referred to in Paragraph 11 of these Regulations sex be stored by a practising veterinarian for not less than five years and shall be presented to an sex of the Service upon a request. It is prohibited to distribute medicinal products containing beta-agonists if dzivnieku are intended for the treatment of food-producing animals, except if the medicinal products are meant to be used for therapeutic purposes in dzivnieku with Paragraph 8 of these Regulations.

It is prohibited to administer medicinal products containing beta-agonists or hormonal substances to farm animals, except if the medicinal products are meant to be used for therapeutic or zootechnical purposes in accordance with Paragraphs 8 and 9 of these Regulations. It is prohibited for the owners keepers of farm animals to keep and store medicinal-products containing beta-agonists, which may be used for the inducement of tocolysis. It shall be permitted to sex meat and other food products of animal origin for human consumption which have been obtained from farm animals that have been administered medicinal products having a hormonal action or beta-agonists, if a practising veterinarian or an inspector of the Service establishes that:.

It shall be permitted to distribute breeding animals or breeding animals past reproductive age, if during reproductive age medicinal products were used on them for therapeutic or zootechnical purposes or to distribute and process the meat of such animals if the requirements referred to in Paragraphs 8 and 9 of these Regulations have been fulfilled and the withdrawal period of the medicinal product from the organism of the animal has expired.

The Service shall allow the sale of horses of high value, especially sport horses, racing horses, circus horses or horses intended for breeding or displays, to which medicinal products containing allyl trenbolone or sex have been administered for therapeutic purposes and the withdrawal period of these medicinal products from the organism of the animal has not expired, if the conditions regulating the use of medicinal products for therapeutic purposes have been observed and the treatment method and date has been written in the horse certificate or passport in accordance with regulatory enactments regarding the identification of horses.

It is prohibited to import farm animals or food products of animal origin to the Republic of Latvia from countries which are not European Economic Area countries hereinafter - third countries and in which it is permitted to distribute and administer such medicinal products to farm animals, which contain prohibited substances.

It is prohibited to import the following to the Republic of Latvia from the third countries which the European Commission has included in the list of the countries from which the import of farm animals or food products of animal origin is allowed:. It is permitted to import farm animals to Latvia from the third countries intended for fattening, farm animals of little reproductive value or the meat thereof, if the dzivnieku country ensures the health requirements of the animals equivalent to the requirements of these Regulations.

In accordance with the regulatory enactments regarding the control of residual substances and the procedures sex financing thereof, the Service shall:.

If the following are established during the inspections referred to in Paragraphs 24 and 25 of these Regulations:. If during an inspection the presence of prohibited sex products or residual substances thereof is detected in the organism of an animal or in food products of animal origin, the Service shall organise the liquidation of the relevant animals or food products of animal origin.

The manufacturers of medicinal products which distribute or manufacture substances having a hormonal action, prohibited substances and beta-agonists or medicinal products containing such substances, as well as wholesalers and pharmacies which are entitled to distribute such substances or medicinal products manufactured from them, shall keep the following information:.

The information referred to in Paragraph 27 of these Regulations shall be presented, upon a request, to an inspector of the Health Inspectorate or the Service during inspections. The Service shall control practising veterinarians and veterinary medical care institutions which distribute and use the medicinal products referred to in these Regulations. A practising veterinarian and the head of a veterinary medical care institution shall register the purchased and sold amount of medicinal products referred dzivnieku in these Regulations, indicating the given name and surname of the natural person or the name of the legal person to whom the relevant medicinal products have been sold or from whom they have been purchased.

The referred to information shall be presented to an inspector of the Service upon a request. If the results of inspections performed in Latvia confirm the non-conformity dzivnieku imported animals or food products of animal origin with the requirements of these Regulations, the Service, on the basis of the regulatory enactments regarding the mutual co-operation of the competent authorities of the European Union Member States and institutions of the European Union, shall co-operate with the competent authority of the European Union Member State, from which the animals or food products of animal origin have been imported, and shall determine the further action with these.

The observance of the conditions referred to in Paragraph 22 of these Regulations shall be controlled by the Service in accordance with the regulatory enactments regarding the procedures for control which relate to the importing of animals and food products of animal origin from the third countries.

Teksta versija. Republic of Latvia Cabinet Regulation No. General Provisions 1. The following terms are used in these Regulations: 2. It is prohibited to use the prohibited medicinal products on farm animals. It shall be permitted to use medicinal products for therapeutic or zootechnical purposes, if: 6.

It shall be permitted to administer such medicinal products to farm animals for therapeutic dzivnieku, which contain: 8. It is prohibited to sex the medicinal products in the form of implants; 8. The dzivnieku products shall be administered by a practising veterinarian or the animal owner keeper under the supervision of a practising veterinarian; and 8. For zootechnical purposes: 9.

The activities referred to in Paragraphs 8, 9 and 10 of these Regulations shall be registered by a practising veterinarian, indicating at least the following: Restrictions in dzivnieku Use of Medicinal Products It is prohibited to administer to farm animals: It is prohibited to: It shall be permitted to distribute meat and other food products of animal origin for human consumption which have been obtained from farm animals that have been administered medicinal products having a hormonal action or beta-agonists, if a practising veterinarian sex an inspector of the Service establishes that: It is prohibited to import the following to the Republic of Latvia from the third countries which the European Commission has included in the list of the countries from which the import of farm animals or food products of animal origin is allowed: Supervision and Control According to the competence thereof, the Service shall perform inspections in order to: In accordance with the regulatory enactments regarding the control of residual substances and the procedures for financing thereof, the Service shall: If the following are established during the inspections referred to in Paragraphs 24 and 25 of these Regulations: If during an inspection the presence of prohibited medicinal products or residual substances thereof is detected in the organism of an animal or in food products of animal origin, the Service shall organise the liquidation dzivnieku the relevant animals or food products of animal origin; The manufacturers of medicinal products which distribute or manufacture substances having a hormonal action, prohibited substances and beta-agonists or medicinal products containing such substances, as well as wholesalers and pharmacies which are sex to distribute such substances or medicinal products manufactured from them, shall keep the following information: Closing Provision Prime Minister V.

Dombrovskis Minister for Agriculture J. Twitter Facebook Draugiem. Visam Likumi. Par Likumi.

It is prohibited to use the prohibited medicinal products on farm animals. It shall be permitted to use medicinal products for therapeutic or zootechnical purposes, if: 6. It shall be permitted to administer such medicinal products to farm animals for therapeutic purposes, which contain: 8. It is prohibited to administer the medicinal products in the form of implants; 8. The medicinal products shall be administered by a practising veterinarian or the animal owner keeper under the supervision of a practising veterinarian; and 8.

For zootechnical purposes: 9. The activities referred to in Paragraphs 8, 9 and 10 of these Regulations shall be registered by a practising veterinarian, indicating at least the following: Restrictions in the Use of Medicinal Products It is prohibited to administer to farm animals: It is prohibited to: It shall be permitted to distribute meat and other food products of animal origin for human consumption which have been obtained from farm animals that have been administered medicinal products having a hormonal action or beta-agonists, if a practising veterinarian or an inspector of the Service establishes that: It is prohibited to import the following to the Republic of Latvia from the third countries which the European Commission has included in the list of the countries from which the import of farm animals or food products of animal origin is allowed: Supervision and Control According to the competence thereof, the Service shall perform inspections in order to: In accordance with the regulatory enactments regarding the control of residual substances and the procedures for financing thereof, the Service shall: If the following are established during the inspections referred to in Paragraphs 24 and 25 of these Regulations: If during an inspection the presence of prohibited medicinal products or residual substances thereof is detected in the organism of an animal or in food products of animal origin, the Service shall organise the liquidation of the relevant animals or food products of animal origin; The manufacturers of medicinal products which distribute or manufacture substances having a hormonal action, prohibited substances and beta-agonists or medicinal products containing such substances, as well as wholesalers and pharmacies which are entitled to distribute such substances or medicinal products manufactured from them, shall keep the following information: Closing Provision Prime Minister V.

Dombrovskis Minister for Agriculture J. But bonobos are quite tolerant, perhaps because they use sex to divert attention and to defuse tension. Bonobo sex often occurs in aggressive contexts totally unrelated to food. A jealous male might chase another away from a female, after which the two males reunite and engage in scrotal rubbing.

Or after a female hits a juvenile, the latter's mother may lunge at the aggressor, an action that is immediately followed by genital rubbing between the two adults. Homosexual behavior among male gorillas has been studied. Homosexual behavior among female mountain gorillas has also been documented.

With the Japanese macaque , also known as the "snow monkey ", same-sex relations are frequent, though rates vary between troops. Females will form " consortships " characterized by affectionate social and sexual activities. In some troops up to one quarter of the females form such bonds, which vary in duration from a few days to a few weeks.

Often, strong and lasting friendships result from such pairings. Males also have same-sex relations, typically with multiple partners of the same age. Affectionate and playful activities are associated with such relations. Homosexual behavior forms part of the natural repertoire of sexual or sociosexual behavior of orangutans. Male homosexual behavior occurs both in the wild and in captivity, and it occurs in both adolescent and mature individuals.

Homosexual behavior in orangutans is not an artifact of captivity or contact with humans. Among monkeys [ clarification needed ] , Lionel Tiger and Robin Fox conducted a study on how Depo-Provera contraceptives lead to decreased male attraction to females.

Several observations indicate that male—male sexual preference in rams is sexually motivated. Rams routinely perform the same courtship behaviors including foreleg kicks, nudges, vocalizations, anogenital sniffs and flehmen prior to mounting other males as observed when other rams court and mount estrous females.

Furthermore, pelvic thrusting and ejaculation often accompany same-sex mounts by rams. A number of studies have reported differences in brain structure and function between male-oriented and female-oriented rams, suggesting that sexual partner preferences are neurologically hard-wired. Charles E. Roselli et al. Oregon Health and Science University , states that homosexuality in male sheep is associated with a region in the rams' brains which the authors call the "ovine Sexually Dimorphic Nucleus" oSDN which is half the size of the corresponding region in heterosexual male sheep.

In addition, the oSDN of the female-oriented rams expressed higher levels of aromatase , a substance that converts testosterone to estradiol , a form of estrogen which is believed to facilitate typical male sexual behaviors. Aromatase expression was no different between male-oriented rams and ewes [ Aromatase mRNA levels in the oSDN were significantly greater in female-oriented rams than in ewes, whereas male-oriented rams exhibited intermediate levels of expression.

It should also be noted that the results of this particular study have not been confirmed by other studies. The Merck Manual of Veterinary Medicine appears to consider homosexuality among sheep as a routine occurrence and an issue to be dealt with as a problem of animal husbandry. Studies have failed to identify any compelling social factors that can predict or explain the variations in sexual partner preferences of domestic rams.

Indeed, male-oriented rams are not more or less dominant than female-oriented rams. Homosexual courtship and sexual activity routinely occur among rams of wild sheep species, such as Bighorn sheep Ovis canadensis , Thinhorn sheep Ovis dalli , mouflons and urials Ovis orientalis. To initiate homosexual courtship, a courting male approaches the other male with his head and neck lowered and extended far forward in what is called the 'low-stretch' posture.

He may combine this with the 'twist,' in which the courting male sharply rotates his head and points his muzzle toward the other male, often while flicking his tongue and making grumbling sounds. The courting male also often performs a 'foreleg kick,' in which he snaps his front leg up against the other male's belly or between his hind legs.

He also occasionally sniffs and nuzzles the other male's genital area and may perform the flehmen response. Thinhorn rams additionally lick the penis of the male they are courting. In response, the male being courted may rub his cheeks and forehead on the courting male's face, nibble and lick him, rub his horns on the courting male's neck, chest, or shoulders, and develop an erection.

Males of another wild sheep species, the Asiatic Mouflons , perform similar courtship behaviors towards fellow males. Sexual activity between wild males typically involves mounting and anal intercourse.

In Thinhorn sheep, genital licking also occurs. During mounting, the larger male usually mounts the smaller male by rearing up on his hind legs and placing his front legs on his partner's flanks.

The mounting male usually has an erect penis and accomplishes full anal penetration while performing pelvic thrusts that may lead to ejaculation. The mounted male arches his back to facilitate the copulation. Homosexual courtship and sexual activity can also take place in groups composed of three to ten wild rams clustered together in a circle.

These non-aggressive groups are called 'huddles' and involve rams rubbing, licking, nuzzling, horning, and mounting each other. Female Mountain sheep also engage in occasional courtship activities with one another and in sexual activities such as licking each other's genitals and mounting. The family structure of the spotted hyena is matriarchal , and dominance relationships with strong sexual elements are routinely observed between related females. Due largely to the female spotted hyena's unique urogenital system , which looks more like a penis rather than a vagina, early naturalists thought hyenas were hermaphroditic males who commonly practiced homosexuality.

In Paedagogus , Clement of Alexandria noted that the hyena along with the hare was "quite obsessed with sexual intercourse". Many Europeans associated the hyena with sexual deformity, prostitution, deviant sexual behavior, and even witchcraft. The reality behind the confusing reports is the sexually aggressive behavior between the females, including mounting between females.

Research has shown that "in contrast to most other female mammals, female Crocuta are male-like in appearance, larger than males, and substantially more aggressive," [] and they have "been masculinized without being defeminized".

Study of this unique genitalia and aggressive behavior in the female hyena has led to the understanding that more aggressive females are better able to compete for resources, including food and mating partners. Several species of whiptail lizard especially in the genus Aspidoscelis consist only of females that have the ability to reproduce through parthenogenesis. Those animals with currently high estrogen levels assume "feminine" sexual roles. Some parthenogenetic lizards that perform the courtship ritual have greater fertility than those kept in isolation due to an increase in hormones triggered by the sexual behaviors.

So, even though asexual whiptail lizards populations lack males, sexual stimuli still increase reproductive success. Certain species of gecko also reproduce by parthenogenesis.

Some species of sexually reproducing geckos have been found to display homosexual behavior, e. Jonathan , the world's oldest tortoise an Aldabra giant tortoise , had been mating with another tortoise named Frederica since In , it was discovered that Frederica was actually probably male all along, and was renamed Frederic.

There is evidence of same-sex sexual behavior in at least species of insects and arachnids. SSS behavior is often shorter than the equivalent heterosexual behavior.

Scharf et al. Yet, this list lacks detailed descriptions, and a more comprehensive summary of its prevalence in invertebrates, as well as ethology, causes, implications, and evolution of this behavior, remains lacking".

Male homosexuality has been inferred in several species of dragonflies the order Odonata. The cloacal pinchers of male damselflies and dragonflies inflict characteristic head damage to females during sex. Male Drosophila melanogaster flies bearing two copies of a mutant allele in the fruitless gene court and attempt to mate exclusively with other males.

Male bed bugs Cimex lectularius are sexually attracted to any newly fed individual and this results in homosexual mounting. This occurs in heterosexual mounting by the traumatic insemination in which the male pierces the female abdomen with his needle-like penis. In homosexual mating this risks abdominal injuries as males lack the female counteradaptive spermalege structure.

Males produce alarm pheromones to reduce such homosexual mating. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For homosexuality in humans, see Homosexuality. See also: Seabird same-sex pairing and Seabird breeding behavior: Same-sex pairing. Play media. Olympic marmot left and Hoary marmot right. Further information: Sexual behavior of lions. Animals portal LGBT portal. Against Nature? Biology and sexual orientation Cross species sex Freemartin Hermaphroditism in animals Homosexuality and psychology Innate bisexuality List of animals displaying homosexual behavior Non-human primate experiments Norms of reaction Plant sexuality Sexual orientation Sexual orientation and medicine disambiguation Xq Australian Natural History.

Lay summary — ScienceDaily. Retrieved 25 March Animal Homosexuality: A Biosocial Perspective. Cambridge University Press.

This makes O. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Oxford University Press. New York City: St. Martin's Press. Homosexual behavior occurs in more than different kinds of animals worldwide, and is found in every major geographic region and every major animal group.

Reprinted in Jahrbuch fur sexuelle Zwischenstufen 7 , pp. American Scientist. Retrieved International Journal of Primatology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. New Scientist.

The New York Times. New York: St. New York, New York: St. Cambridge: Cambridge Press. Hystrix It. Archived from the original on May 28, Natural History Museum, University of Oslo. February Retrieved October 6, Fox News. We, as beings which have an awareness of our actions, have to alter the very basis of our relationship with other sentient beings — for the sake of their welfare, our health and the whole planet.

In practice this means becoming vegan, i. The largest group of animals, which are exploited by humans, are raised and killed to provide food products.

These include more than 60 billion, or 60 , animals killed each year, not including fish and other water animals, whose catch is usually measured in tonnes.

Sentient beings are raised on farms quite as if they were vegetables. While we defend and recognise cats and dogs as personalities, even part of the family, piglets are created to be slaughtered for meat, and cows are inseminated, have their offspring removed, and are milked until the end of their lives, which is in the slaughterhouse.

All this is taking place, in spite of reports by environmental experts that animal farming is one of the greatest sources of pollution on the planet, and in spite of recognition by nutritional scientists that these products are not essential to us. The exploitation of animals as objects of recreation means treating them without respect.